|Anatomical Terminology |
|Anterior: Toward the front, in front of|
Posterior: Toward the back, behind
Ventral: Toward or related to the abdomen
Dorsal: Toward or related to the back
Superior: Above or up
Inferior: Below or down
Cephalad: Toward the head
Caudad: Toward the tail, feet
Medial: Toward the midline
Lateral: Away from the midline
External: Toward or on the surface
Internal: Away from the surface
Proximal: Closer to the origin
Distal: Away from the origin
Peripheral: Away from the center
Central: Toward or in the center
Sagittal Plane: A vertical plane that divides the body into unequal right and left portions.
Median, Midsagittal or Midline Plane: A vertical plane passing through the center of the body, dividing it into equal right and left halves.
Paramedian or Parasagittal Plane: A plane parallel to the median plane dividing the body into unequal right and left portions.
Transverse or Horizontal Plane: A horizontal plane passing through the body and dividing it into inferior and superior portions.
Coronal or Frontal Plane: A vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions.